The use of social media by students for problem solving or emotional support on an academic basis in

Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior.

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Teacher-child relationships from an attachment perspective. Third, school reform efforts should include measures of teacher-student relationships in evaluations of teacher performance. Handbook of Research on Teacher Education.

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Reliable and valid measures of consultation processes e. One challenge is to identify specific, theoretically informed processes that account for the dynamic relations between teacher-student relationships, child characteristics, and the classroom context.

New York: Teachers College Press; Learning and Instruction.

Promoting social and emotional learning guidelines for educators pdf

In Table 1 , we present descriptive statistics on participating teachers and their students. Are teachers who are effective at raising test-score outcomes equally effective at developing positive attitudes and behaviors in class? Teacher-student interactions and attachment states of mind as predictors of early romantic involvement and risky sexual behaviors. Child Development. The interplay of social competence and psychopathology over 20 years: Testing transactional and cascade models. In fact, these sorts of attitudes and behaviors are stronger predictors of some long-term outcomes than test scores Chetty et al. A possible limitation of interventions at the dyadic level is the lack of willingness on the part of schools to invest in interventions that are focused on a single student. The effect of conflict trajectory classes on academic functioning was recently investigated by Spilt, Hughes, Wu, and Kwok in press. Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior.

American Educational Research Journal. This first generation of research has also documented that supportive teacher-student relationships are an educational asset from preschool through secondary school and buffer students at-risk for poor school adjustment see Sabol and Pianta, An interaction-based approach to enhancing secondary school instruction and student achievement.

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Table 1. An interaction-based approach to enhancing secondary school instruction and student achievement. Further, these outcomes are predicted by teaching practices most proximal to these measures, thus aligning with theory and providing important face and construct validity to these measures. Our analyses extend this body of research by estimating teacher effects on additional attitudes and behaviors captured by students in upper-elementary grades. Classrooms: Goals, structures, and student motivation. Positive classroom motivational environments: Convergence between mastery goal structure and classroom social climate. Directly controlling teacher behaviors as predictors of poor motivation and engagement in girls and boys: The role of anger and anxiety. Teacher capacity for diverse learners: What do teachers need to know? American Educational Research Journal. More theoretically informed research that addresses teacher characteristics as a moderator of intervention responsiveness is needed. Reflective Practice. That is, the measure of teacher-student conflict could be a marker of poor behavioral and academic risk for sexual risk taking rather than a cause. Consistent with these findings, decades worth of theory also have characterized teaching as multidimensional.

Our study is among the first to integrate these two research traditions, which largely have developed in isolation. Teachers in the reflection-focused intervention, but not in the interpersonal competence intervention, varied in slope for teacher-rated closeness and conflict.

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Teacher-student interactions and attachment states of mind as predictors of early romantic involvement and risky sexual behaviors. Together, these findings add further evidence for the multidimensional nature of teaching and, thus, the need for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners to identify strategies for improving these skills. However, professional organizations and researchers also describe theoretical links between the sorts of teaching practices captured on the MQI and student outcomes beyond test scores Bandura et al. Schools should implement programs for screening troubled relationships, especially in the early grades, and to support teachers in improving troubled relationships. In Table 1 , we present descriptive statistics on participating teachers and their students. One challenge is to identify specific, theoretically informed processes that account for the dynamic relations between teacher-student relationships, child characteristics, and the classroom context. Handbook of Child Psychology. Of particular interest is the finding of differential effects of two dimensions of teacher-student relationship quality, conflict and closeness, on trajectories for externalizing and internalizing behaviors. In mathematics, researchers and professional organizations have advocated for teaching practices that emphasize critical thinking and problem solving around authentic tasks Lampert, ; National Council of Teachers of Mathematics [NCTM], , Handbook of child psychology: Volume 1: Theoretical models of human development. These researchers found that youth who reported more conflict in their relationships with teachers at ages 14 were more likely at age 15 and 17 to engage in risky sexual behavior. Although classroom-level interventions likely result in improvement at the dyadic level, problematic teacher-student relationships may exist in classrooms with generally positive climates. The challenge to care in schools: An alternative approach to education. An attachment-informed, reflection-focused model of teacher professional development Spilt, Koomen, Thijs, and van der Leij answer the widely voiced call for the development and evaluation of theoretically informed interventions to improve teacher-student relationships. Banking time in head start: Early efficacy of an intervention designed to promote supportive teacher-child relationships.
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Teacher and Teaching Effects on Students’ Attitudes and Behaviors