The implications of policy issues in human capital on future economic growth in cambodia

There is still a large knowledge-behaviour gap regarding condom use for HIV prevention, while only 1 percent of young females reported having used condom at last intercourse in The removal and reduction of fishing lots, that begun in latewill make available approximately 53 percent of the total lot area for family fishing.

Similarly, the trend in wage employment is upward and it now makes up of 59 percent of total youth employment, most youth in waged work being employed in industry 53 percent.

Because of the high population growth rate, the size of the labor force, estimated to be 5.

Cambodian economy 2018

Medical infrastructure and trained health personnel were decimated by the Khmer Rouge — of the one thousand doctors trained before , less than fifty survived the regime. The secondary road network is so rundown as to virtually isolate many rural areas, while most tertiary roads are impassable during the wet season. At present, some 47 percent of the population does not have adequate access to health care services, with the nearest public health clinic to villages being on average 3 km away. The burden of health and education costs weight heavily on population, especially the poor. For much of the population, rice accounts for over 70 percent of calorie intake and represents about 40 percent of food expenditure. However, because youth are a large constituency, politicians try to formulate policies that support their needs: the most important instance of youth participation in public sphere was when they cast their vote in election, which sent a strong message to the ruling party that they cannot be ignored. Because of the high population growth rate, the size of the labor force, estimated to be 5. There is significant unemployment and underemployment, and a problem of low income for the employed. The drop-out rate gets high when it comes to secondary education, reaching 21 percent in lower secondary in Also, the agricultural production system remains highly vulnerable to natural disasters and pest damage, leading to large fluctuations in yields. Decent work is difficult to find for young people, due to the dominance of the informal sector in the labour market. Even though higher education remains far beyond the reach of most rural and female youth, the gross enrolment rate in tertiary education among youth aged between 18 and 22 improved significantly over the last 10 years from 4. However, there are many Cambodians who lack access to this basic necessity due to insufficient purchasing power and poor transport and marketing systems. So far, the proportion of the labor force employed in the formal sector wage employment remains low. Lack of trust in communities, political agendas and the justice system is still a problem for their participation in development activities.

Providing productive employment for these new entrants, for demobilized soldiers and retrenched civil servants, and the unemployed and the underemployed, will be difficult, and will require a rapid expansion in labor demand from the private sector both formal and informal. This degradation has been caused largely by overexploitation of resources and unsustainable management practices.

Decent work is difficult to find for young people, due to the dominance of the informal sector in the labour market.

social issues in cambodia

A key issue is how to utilize abundant water resources in a sustainable way particularly for the development of irrigation.

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Key Issues affecting Youth in Cambodia