Pros and cons of health promotion
Surely it is not simply indicator based. For example, some employers refuse to hire certain higher-risk employees; the Cleveland Clinic, for example, does not hire anyone who tests positive on a cotinine test for smoking although it will pay for them to attend a smoking cessation program and reconsider their application if they subsequently test negative.
Con: Not Always Easy to Find Healthy food choices are not always easy to find, particularly at restaurants. Some disciplines apply experimental designs.
Pros and cons of health promotion models
Imagine a concert hall with two stages curtained off. With the establishment of health promotion as an ideology and a field of action, the concerns of the field have moved on and reflect the current Zeitgeist. The music analogy is relevant for the evaluation of health promotion practice. Within the general area of health promotion research, as reported in the pages of this and other professional journals, there is considerable debate about what constitutes knowledge in the field and what is evidence. But wellness program and HRA vendors have different data policies and practices, data privacy and security are only as good as the vendors make them, and some employers operate their own programs and collect their own data. Kelly, and John E. This might include taking children to doctor's appointments, staying home with a sick child or parent or calling doctors or health insurance companies. Rachel M. Existing rules of evidence are often based on interventions that have relatively simple, demonstrable chains of causation where single factors are manipulated to produce single easily measured outcomes. Provides information for people to make well-informed choices independently empowerment. But what is the evidence base being used for this certainty. Henke1,Ron Z. As mentioned earlier, some individuals face external obstacles, such as food deserts , time constraints, and personal and family stressors.
McQueen and Anderson, In Rootman, I. For example, a review of long-term, multicomponent weight management programs identified twelve trials, four of which included incentives.
Limitations of health promotion
Both orchestras are given the task to perform the same Beethoven symphony and do so. Buying organic produce can be expensive, but can be less costly when grown locally. Google Scholar McQueen, D. This results in the need to distinguish underlying rules of evidence for the main disciplines of public health that are basic to community-based research and intervention, specifically epidemiology, social psychology, sociology, anthropology and health education. To eat healthy, order a salad with dressing on the side. Others are confounded by their genetic endowment and physiology. Some legislation may be considered to be denying individuals of human rights such as freedom of movement e. Surely it is not simply indicator based. HIPAA already had prohibited this practice in the case of group health plans such as those offered by larger employers; the ACA extended the prohibition to individual and small group plans.
Third, and most critical, there is a growing recognition that the complexity of multi-disciplinary, compound interventions makes simple, universal, rules of evidence untenable. Single parents, predominantly women, may not be able to go to the gym after work because of child-care duties.
Disadvantages of health education
Many community-based health interventions include a complex mixture of many disciplines, many variables of varying degrees of measurement difficulty, and dynamic changing settings. Yet, it would be a tough argument that one could not distinguish the Berlin ensemble from the community ensemble. A view of the notion of complexity on the Internet reveals a vast literature of concern with complexity. Perhaps a brief illustration with a thought experiment from another field will illustrate some of the issues involved with complexity. It intrudes on the doctor-patient relationship and creates conflicts of interest for doctors, both of which may undermine patients' trust in their physicians. Others are confounded by their genetic endowment and physiology. These foods may promote health and increase your longevity. The music analogy is relevant for the evaluation of health promotion practice. Email and website promotions are limited to those with internet access. What is noteworthy is how they reflect the gestation, development and maturity of health promotion as a field of action.
Despite the fragmented epistemological debate on health promotion, the term remains on solid ground. Many community-based health interventions include a complex mixture of many disciplines, many variables of varying degrees of measurement difficulty, and dynamic changing settings.
A view of the notion of complexity on the Internet reveals a vast literature of concern with complexity.
based on 56 review