Discuss is socila stratification functional

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Theories of social stratification

Google Scholar Tumin, Melvin E. With such opposing interests, the two groups were divided by differences of wealth and power. Of course other theorists have argued that individuals could be persuaded to work for the common good with no necessary reduction in liberty nor in economic efficiency. In the Functionalist view the socialisation process operative in families, schools, the mass media and elsewhere is itself functional for capitalist societies because it encourages individuals to accept norms and values which will promote the continued existence of capitalism which , as stated is beneficial to all. Many conflict theorists draw on the work of Karl Marx. For example, the Minnesota Timberwolves hand out the lowest annual payroll, while the Los Angeles Lakers reportedly pay the highest. Today we have the means to gather and analyze data from economies across the globe. According to functionalism, different aspects of society exist because they serve a needed purpose. New York: McGraw-Hill. Critics of the functional ist theory make a number of main points especially see Tumin, : it provides no adequate discussion of the way in which differences in rewards and status arise simply from the operation of POWER. Symbolic interactionism examines stratification from a micro-level perspective. An index of stratification has been recently proposed by Zhou for this purpose. Other differences in employment between men and women lead to an overall gender-based pay-gap in many societies, where women as a category earn less than men due to the types of jobs which women are offered and take, as well as to differences in the number of hours worked by women.

Thus an employer may simply accept the decisions of senior managers who in turn have accepted the advice of lower level specialists which suggests that in this example it is the lower level specialists who are functionally most important although they will certainly not be the highest paid employees.

Thusfor example, the New Right theorist Peter Saunders has argued in accordance with the Functionalist theory that income differences may well be necessary to incentivise talented individuals to undertake functionally important and difficult work; that the effective performance of this work contributes to higher living standards even for those in lower positions within the social stratification system; and that the extent of social mobility in contemporary capitalist societies is actually greater than is implied by other theorists such as John Goldthorpe and Gordon Marshall which suggests that income inequality does not seriously undermine the extent of meritocracy in capitalist societies [all of which means that a careful assessment of competing theories of social mobility is necessary before the Functionalist theory of social stratification can be fully evaluated.

How do systems of class, based on factors such as prestige, power, income, and wealth, influence your own daily routines, as well as your beliefs and attitudes?

functionalist theory of social stratification pdf

Functionalism, The New Right and Neo-Functionalism Althoughas will be shown below, the Functionalist Theory of Social Stratification has been subjected to several important criticisms, it has also received some support from the s onwards from New Right theorists.

Only a limited number of individuals in any society have the talents which can be trained into the skills appropriate to these positions i.

The main criticisms of the Functionalist Theory of Social Stratification may be listed as follows.

causes of social stratification

New York: The Free Press. Short Answer Analyze the Davis-Moore thesis. Glossary the act of buying and using products to make a statement about social standing Davis-Moore thesis a thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity References Davis, Kingsley, and Wilbert E.

Discuss is socila stratification functional
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Functional Theory of Stratification