New York: Avon.
Thus an employer may simply accept the decisions of senior managers who in turn have accepted the advice of lower level specialists which suggests that in this example it is the lower level specialists who are functionally most important although they will certainly not be the highest paid employees.
Thusfor example, the New Right theorist Peter Saunders has argued in accordance with the Functionalist theory that income differences may well be necessary to incentivise talented individuals to undertake functionally important and difficult work; that the effective performance of this work contributes to higher living standards even for those in lower positions within the social stratification system; and that the extent of social mobility in contemporary capitalist societies is actually greater than is implied by other theorists such as John Goldthorpe and Gordon Marshall which suggests that income inequality does not seriously undermine the extent of meritocracy in capitalist societies [all of which means that a careful assessment of competing theories of social mobility is necessary before the Functionalist theory of social stratification can be fully evaluated.
How do systems of class, based on factors such as prestige, power, income, and wealth, influence your own daily routines, as well as your beliefs and attitudes?
Functionalism, The New Right and Neo-Functionalism Althoughas will be shown below, the Functionalist Theory of Social Stratification has been subjected to several important criticisms, it has also received some support from the s onwards from New Right theorists.
Only a limited number of individuals in any society have the talents which can be trained into the skills appropriate to these positions i.
The main criticisms of the Functionalist Theory of Social Stratification may be listed as follows.
New York: The Free Press. Short Answer Analyze the Davis-Moore thesis. Glossary the act of buying and using products to make a statement about social standing Davis-Moore thesis a thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity References Davis, Kingsley, and Wilbert E.