An analysis of the views of plato aristotle the stoics and st augustine on the inequality of gender

Sep political philosophy

Here are some ways our essay examples library can help you with your assignment: Brainstorm a strong, interesting topic Learn what works and what doesn't from the reader's perspective. The ten commandments of the Old Testament Exodus are prescriptions regarding how the righteous are to relate to God as well as to one another. He debates that friendship is complete virtue and above justice and morality in which is why it should be so highly valued. In the seventeenth century in particular, just about everybody and their maiden aunt and bachelor uncle seems to have joined in the hunt for new and distinctive lists of emotions. It is one in which everyone is working together to accomplish the common good for the whole society and also the good of the individual. The proliferation of lists can be at least partly explained by the proliferation of schemes of classification. First of all, the issue of punishment is one he considers in Utilitarianism. During his period of writing, not many things had been discovered and the only other known philosophers were the Plato and Socrates. Despite the efforts of those on the cutting edge of passion theory, however, the Aquinian distinction remained a commonplace bit of early modern folk psychology see Wright, Burton, even Henry More. Malebranche too considered the functions of the emotions and the way in which that functioning has been corrupted, but emphasized that the emotions are communicated through strictly mechanical operations. At this time I answered the question by stating that ethics is what people believe is right and wrong. Who wrote this essay? The severity of punishment should be relative to the severity of the crime involved, since its rationale is to deter future violations of civil law Leviathan, pp.

While this is a very valuable application of his theory of justice, this doctrine of the just war standing the test of time to this very day, the general theory on which it is based is more problematic.

But their position presupposes a very particular understanding of the nature of our senses and of the ontological status of the secondary qualities to which they are receptive.

Hume, for instance, considered the imagination to be the faculty of composing, decomposing, and associating ideas, in contrast to the impressions among which passions were numbered.

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It needs the external goods as well; for it is impossible, or not easy, to do noble acts without the proper equipment. In defending justice against this Sophist critique, Plato has Socrates construct his own positive theory. In this way, decency can correct the limitations of the law and represents a higher form of justice Nicomachean, pp. Secondary Sources 1. In his Politics, Aristotle further considers political justice and its relation to equality. Finally, the argument from analogy, showing that justice must be intrinsically, and not merely instrumentally, valuable because it is like the combination good of health proves, on critical consideration, to fail. Why should we, morally speaking, act for the sake of agreeableness and utility?

Notice, also, that unlike Kantian deontology, which makes what is right independent of good consequences, utilitarianism makes the former a function of the latter.

While this is a decent consequentialist theory of crime and punishment, the more general view of justice from which it is derived is far more problematic.

It is, Spinoza maintained, only our passive emotions that can produce conflict with the dictates of our reason; our active affects accord well with reason. Although Descartes offered a teleological defense of our propensities to experience emotions, his account of their physiological underpinnings is mechanistic.

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A good soul is wise, in having good judgment whereby reason rules; it is courageous in that its spirited part is ready, willing, and able to fight for its convictions in the face of fear; and it is temperate or moderate, harmoniously integrated because all of its parts, especially its dangerous appetitive desires, agree that it should be always under the command of reason.

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Justice, Western Theories of