A history of micronations

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History Early history and evolution Sealand, an old artillery fort in the North Sea, just off the coast of Great Britain. Among other things Vanoudenhoven minted his own coins denominated in "Robbies". Although the island was ruled as a virtual fiefdom, its owner never claimed to be independent of the United Kingdomso Lundy can at best be described as a precursor to later territorial micronations.

The famous ones, like the Principality of Hutt River and the Republic of Saugeais, are headed by very old people," he says.

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The participating States will likewise refrain from making each other's territory the object of military occupation or other direct or indirect measures of force in contravention of international law, or the object of acquisition by means of such measures or the threat of them.

In a distant corner of Western Australia, a troubled wheat farmer heard the call.

Recognized micronations

On 1 April , bibliophile Richard Booth declared the Welsh town of Hay-on-Wye an independent kingdom with himself as its monarch. The series told the story of Wallace's experience of founding a micronation, Lovely , located in his London flat. The new country was called "Tierra del Mar" Land of the Sea. Ernest Hemingway's adopted hometown of Key West was later itself part of another micronation; see Conch Republic. But there have been some newcomers; the Imperial Kingdom of Calsahara in southern California declared its sovereignty in They succeeded in creating a small artificial island, but their efforts at securing international recognition met with little success, and near-neighbour Tonga sent a military force to the area and annexed it. This category includes: Principality of Seborga: a town in the region of Liguria, Italy, near the southern end of the border with France, which traces its history back to the Middle Ages. Principality of Freedonia: a libertarian project that supported the Awdal Road Company's attempts to lease land from the Sultan of Awdal in Somaliland in Others serve as political satire. Part of the movie Winter Sonata was filmed here.

For some, it's a matter of political protest, fervent belief, or the kind of megalomania associated with super-villains, while others are just playing it for laughs. The new country was called "Tierra del Mar" Land of the Sea.

See also: Constitutive theory of statehood and Declarative theory of statehood In international lawthe Montevideo Convention on the Right and Duties of States sets down the criteria for statehood in article 1: "The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: a a permanent population ; b a defined territory; c government ; and d capacity to enter into relations with the other states.

InHemingway was reported to have moved on from New Atlantis to promoting a square yard platform near the Bahamas. The structure was built as a tourist attraction, but soon after it was finished, Rosa declared sovereignty. They succeeded in creating a small artificial island, but their efforts at securing international recognition met with little success, and the Kingdom of Tonga sent a military force to the area and annexed it.

No such occupation or acquisition will be recognized as legal.

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List of micronations