As far as he was concerned, if the communists were willing to mass their forces for destruction by American air power, so much the better. Neutrality was supported by Irish-Americans, who hated Britain, by German Americans who wanted to remain neutral, and by women and the churches.
Wilson succeeded in obtaining his main goal, a League of Nations that would hopefully resolve all future conflicts before they caused another major war. But we must keep in mind that history does not prescribe explicit lessons, and we must be aware of the many pitfalls and the false trails down which it can lead us.
Moreover, the way in which, after Julywe assumed primary responsibility for the war in Vietnam induced a sense of dependency on the part of the South Vietnamese whose independence we were professing to defend.
Army ground unit committed to the conflict in South Vietnam.
During the occupation of the historic city, 2, South Vietnamese were murdered by the NLF in the single worst massacre of the conflict. The South Vietnamese were the real losers of a long and bloody war. Aside from the obvious inequity of such a system, the draft increased class divisions and, by freeing the children of the elite, encouraged complacency about the war until the nation was deeply committed.
A few days later, much to Johnson's surprise, North Vietnam agreed to contacts between the two sides. Westmoreland believed that he had found a strategy that would either defeat North Vietnam or force it into serious negotiations.
It is striking how infrequently this is done in internal discussions on policy problems, and the media, which is notoriously myopic and ahistorical, provides little help.
This became the Open Door Policy. Let me suggest just a few.